Nelson Mandela was President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999 but before his presidency, Mandela was an anti-apartheid activist and he fought to get the respect of black people's rights. In 1962 he was arrested and sentenced to life in prison. Mandela was in prison for 27 years. When he was released Mandela led the negotiations to get to multi-racial democracy in 1994. Later, as president, he tried to introduce policies which aimed at combating poverty and inequality in South Africa.
Mandela received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993.
Answer these questions about the videos:
- When was Mandela born?
- Where was he born?
- Why did he fight?
- What is the Apartheid?
- Did black people live well in South-Africa? Why?
- Why was Mandela in Prison?
- How long was Mandela in prison?
- When was Mandela elected as president of South-Africa?
- Did Mandela do anything important for people in South-Africa?
- Why did Simple Minds compose the song "Mandela Day"?
- Which famous concert did Simple Minds play the song in?
- Explain in a few words what the song "silver and Gold" is about
- What does the poem "Invictus" have to do with Nelson Mandela?
- Who is the author of the poem?
- Can you tell me anything about this author?